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Dynamic Properties of Offshore Wind Turbine Foundations

Author: Mads Damgaard, Department of Civil Engineering, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark


e-ISBN: 9788793237414

doi: 10.13052/rp-9788793237414

Price: € 0.00

Available: December 2014
Downloads: [1971]

Downloads: [1971] Reads [680]  

Description:

Well-covered in the field of earthquake engineering, the dynamic response of civil engineering structures is highly dependent on the impedance of the soil-foundation system. For offshore wind turbine applications, however, the hysteretical and geometrical dissipation effects in the soil are difficult to incorporate for time-domain simulations. Accurate assessment of the fatigue limit state requires simulations of several thousands of load cases, and the consequential high computational burden necessitates a structural model with few degrees of freedom that capture the most important effects of the dynamic wind turbine response. To overcome this, sequential or fully coupled aero-hydro-elastic simulations are often conducted where the soil-structure interaction is incorporated via the principle of an equivalent fixity depth or by a so-called Winkler approach with static springs along the foundation and soil damping applied as modal damping. The methods, however, do not account for the dynamic stiffness due to inertia forces, and a well-defined representation of the dissipation effects in the soil is neglected.

This in turn forms the basis of the current PhD thesis that examines the soil-foundation interaction and its influence on the natural and dynamic vibration characteristics of offshore wind turbines based on full-scale modal testing and simple numerical quasi-static simulations. In addition, the thesis presents a novel, time-efficient coupled aero-hydro-elastic model of the wind turbine system via a consistent lumped-parameter approach accounting for the dissipation effects through wave radiation and material damping in the soil.

KEYWORDS: Fatigue; Free vibration decay; Lumped-parameter model; Operational modal analysis; Soil dynamics; Soil-structure interaction; Soil variability; System identification; Wind turbine; Winkler approach


Keywords:

Fatigue; Free vibration decay; Lumped-parameter model; Operational modal analysis; Soil dynamics; Soil-structure interaction; Soil variability; System identification; Wind turbine; Winkler approach


List of Publications for PhD:

Natural Frequency and Damping Estimation of an Offshore Wind Turbine Structure, Damgaard, M., Ibsen, L. B., Andersen, L. V. and Andersen, J. K. F. In Twenty-Second International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference. 2012, Citations


Cross-wind Modal Properties of Offshore Wind Turbines Identified by Full Scale Testing, Damgaard, M., Ibsen, L. B., Andersen, L. V. and Andersen, J. K. F. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, , 116. 2013, Citations


Damping Estimation of a Prototype Bucket Foundation for Offshore Wind Turbines Identified by Full Scale Testing, Damgaard, M., Ibsen, L. B., Andersen, L. V., Andersen, P. and Andersen, J. K. F. 5th International Operational Modal Analysis Conference. 2013, Citations


Time-Varying Dynamic Properties of Offshore Wind Turbines Evaluated by Modal Testing, Damgaard, M., Ibsen, L. B., Andersen, L. V. and Andersen, J. K. F. 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. 2013, Citations


Assessment of Dynamic Substructuring of a Wind Turbine Foundation Applicable for Aeroelastic simulations, Damgaard, M., Andersen, L. V. and Ibsen, L. B. Wind Energy, Early view. 2013, Citations


Computationally Efficient Modelling of Dynamic Soil–Structure Interaction of Offshore Wind Turbines on Gravity Footings, Damgaard, M., Andersen, L. V. and Ibsen, L. B. Renewable Energy, 68. 2014, Citations


Effects of Soil–Structure Interaction on Real Time Dynamic Response of Offshore Wind Turbines on Monopiles, Damgaard, M., Zania, V., Andersen, L. V. and Ibsen, L. B. Engineering Structures, 75. 2014, Citations


The Importance of Including Dynamic Soil–Structure Interaction into Wind Turbine Simulation Codes, Damgaard, M., Andersen, L. V. and Ibsen, L. B. 8th European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering. 2014, Citations


Assessment of the Dynamic Behaviour of Saturated Soil Subjected to Cyclic Loading from Offshore monopile wind turbine foundations, Damgaard, M., Bayat, M., Andersen, L. V., and Ibsen, L. B. Computers and Geotechnics, 61. 2014, Citations