Generation and Applications of Extra-Terrestrial Environments on Earth

Generation and Applications of Extra-Terrestrial Environments on Earth

River Publishers Series in Chemical and Environmental Engineering

Generation and Applications of Extra-Terrestrial Environments on Earth

Editors:
Daniel A. Beysens, CEA-Grenoble and ESPCI-Paris-Tech, Paris, France
Jack J.W. A. van Loon, VU-University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISBN: 9788793237537

Available: June 2015

doi: https://doi.org/10.13052/rp-9788793237544


This book has been prepared under the auspice of the European Low Gravity Research Association (ELGRA) www.elgra.org. The main task of ELGRA is to foster the scientific community in Europe and beyond in conducting gravity and space-related research.

This publication is dedicated to the science community, and especially to the next generation of scientists and engineers interested in space research and in the means to use Earth to reproduce the space environment. ELGRA provides a comprehensive description of space conditions and the means that have been developed on Earth to perform space environmental and (micro-) gravity related research. .

The book covers ground-based research instruments and environments for both life and physical sciences research. It discusses the opportunities and limitations of protocols and instruments to compensate gravity or simulate microgravity, such as clinostats, random positioning machines, levitating magnets, electric fields, vibrations, tail suspension or head down tilt, as well as centrifuges for hyper-g studies. Other space environmental conditions are addressed too, like cosmic radiation or Mars atmospheric and soil properties to be replicated and simulated on Earth. Future long duration of manned missions, personal well-being and crew interaction are major issues dealt with.
Astrobiology; atmosphere; bed rest; cell biology; centrifuge; clinostat; combustion; drop tower; Earth analogues; electric gravity; fluids; fundamental physics; ground-based research, human; human physiology; hyper-gravity; isolation; magnetic levitation; Mars; Moon; material; materials sciences; microbiology ; microgravity; parabolic flight; partial gravity, plant; plasma; Plateau method; psychology ; radiation; space environment; tail suspension; vibrations; near weightlessness, hypergravity

Chapter 1: The Space Environment
by Daniel A. Beysens1 and Jack J.W. A. van Loon2


1251

Chapter 2: Cosmos: Violent and Hostile Environment
by Sébastien Rouquette


805

Chapter 3: Radiation, SpaceWeather
by Marco Durante


950

Chapter 4: Interstellar Chemistry
by Pascale Ehrenfreund


867

Chapter 5: Celestial Bodies
by Inge Loes ten Kate1 and Raheleh Motamedi2


1057

Chapter 6: Drop Towers
by Claus Lämmerzahl1 and Theodore Steinberg2


931

Chapter 7: Parabolic Flights
by Vladimir Pletser1 and Yasuhiro Kumei


1911

Chapter 8: Magnetic Levitation
by Clement Lorin1, Richard J. A. Hill2 and Alain Mailfert3


1507

Chapter 9: Electric Fields
by Birgit Futterer1,2, Harunori Yoshikawa3, Innocent Mutabazi3 and Christoph Egbers1


905

Chapter 10: The Plateau Method
by Daniel A. Beysens


1010

Chapter 11: Centrifuges
by Jack J.W. A. van Loon


1060

Chapter 12: Animals: Unloading, Casting
by Vasily Gnyubkin and Laurence Vico


1145

Chapter 13: Human: Bed Rest/Head-Down-Tilt/ Hypokinesia
by Marie-Pierre Bareille and Alain Maillet


1248

Chapter 14: Clinostats and Other Rotating Systems-Design, Function, and Limitations
by Karl H. Hasenstein1 and Jack J.W. A. van Loon2


2317

Chapter 15: Vibrations
by Daniel A. Beysens1 and Valentina Shevtsova2


766

Chapter 16: Earth Analogues
by Inge Loes ten Kate1 and Louisa J. Preston2


761

Chapter 17: Isolated and Confined Environments
by Carole Tafforin


1186

Chapter 18: Fundamental Physics
by Greg Morfill


748

Chapter 19: Fluid Physics
by Daniel A. Beysens


1067

Chapter 20: Combustion
by Christian Chauveau


783

Chapter 21: Materials Science
by Hans-Jörg Fecht


834

Chapter 22: Microbiology/Astrobiology
by Felice Mastroleo and Natalie Leys


757

Chapter 23: Gravitational Cell Biology
by Cora S. Thiel and Oliver Ullrich


840

Chapter 24: Growing Plants under Generated Extra-Terrestrial Environments: Effects of Altered Gravity and Radiation
by F. Javier Medina1, Raúl Herranz1, Carmen Arena2, Giovanna Aronne3 and Veronica De Micco3


1400

Chapter 25: Human Systems Physiology
by Nandu Goswami1, Jerry Joseph Batzel1 and Giovanna Valenti2


1105

Chapter 26: Behavior, Confinement, and Isolation
by Carole Tafforin


1044