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Nordic and Baltic Journal of Information and Communications Technologies

Editor-in-Chief: Knud Erik Skouby, Center for Communication, Media and Information Technologies (CMI), Aalborg University in Copenhagen, Denmark


ISSN: 1902-097X (Print Version),

ISSN: 1902-0988 (Online Version)
Vol: 1   Issue: 1

Published In:   January 2007

Publication Frequency: Continuous Article Publication


Search Available Volume and Issue for Nordic and Baltic Journal of Information and Communications Technologies


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THE NORDIC SHAPING OF INNOVATION IN ESTONIA: CASE STUDIES FROM MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS AND E GOVERNMENT


Per Högselius

Department of History of Science and Technology at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, and the Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE) at Lund University, Sweden

Abstract: [+]    |    Download File [ 259KB ]

Abstract: The paper examines how the Nordic and Baltic innovation activities in ICT have become linked to each other, and what these links have meant for innovative performance in the Baltics. High-performing innovation systems can be regarded as the very core or ‘energy centre’ of any modern country with future oriented ambitions, and the relevance of studying Nordic- Baltic integration from the perspective of innovation should therefore be self-explanatory. In particular, the article focuses on Estonia’s links to Sweden and Finland, aiming to explain how these links have influenced Estonia’s innovative strength in ICT. The results presented here are generally in line with earlier research on the foreign shaping of creative innovation from a catch-up perspective. However, the Estonian case deepens our understanding of the ways in which interaction with the foreign environment influences the build-up of innovative strength.

Keywords: Systems of innovation, Nordic-Baltic relations, mobile communications, e-government

A CASE FOR NON-GLOBALISATION?


Alberto di Minin1 & Christopher Palmberg 2

1Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE), University of California, CA Berkeley, in the US and In-Sat Lab, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy
2 The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA), Finland

Abstract: [+]    |    Download File [ 300KB ]

Abstract: The off-shoring of manufacturing has been the most visible ingredient of economic globalisation in recent years. However, the rapid change in the global division of manufacturing has overshadowed another phenomenon, namely the internationalisation of Research and Development (R&D) and inventive activities of firms. In concrete terms this means that researchers and inventors increasingly tend to be located outside the domestic country of origin of companies, as captured in numerous empirical studies. Pressing research questions thus concern the degree to which inventor networks are internationalising, which types of R&D this covers, and how this internationalisation affects the R&D strategies of companies and their home countries. This paper contributes to these questions by revisiting the “non-globalisation” argument in the specific context of strategically important technologies in a truly global industry by the face of it, namely the wireless telecommunications industry. In a comparative set-up, the notified essential patents of four leading incumbents are analysed to assess to what degree and how R&D and inventive activity of this technological core of the industry is globalising. Contrary to expectation, results clearly support the case for non-globalisation and suggest that modifications have to be made to sweeping generalisations concerning the internationalisation of R&D. They also raise important issues and new research paths related to the organisation of R&D, locational advantages and the Intellectual Property Rights management of firms.

Keywords: globalisation, R&D, wireless telecommunications, essential patents

THE PRIVATE EQUITY TAKEOVER OF TELECOM INFRASTRUCTURE IN DENMARK


William H. Melody

Guest professor at CICT (Center for Information and Communication Technologies) at Technical University of Denmark,
Visiting professor at London School of Economics, UK, and University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Abstract: [+]    |    Download File [ 376KB ]

Abstract: The debate over the implications of private equity leveraged buyouts revolves primarily around one central issue, the extent to which private equity ownership promotes efficient long-term investment and operational management in the target firms, or the maximisation of short-term returns to private equity investors to the detriment of the target firm’s long-term development. Supporters of private equity buyouts claim they introduce a longer term planning horizon for firms with public shareholders who have demanded that management be preoccupied with quarterly earnings improvements and short-term movements of the stock price. Critics claim private equity groups maximise the short-term cash value of the assets for payouts to investors and impose unsustainable debt structures that preclude investment in long-term growth opportunities. It would appear from the evidence to date that the objective of the leveraged buyout of TDC is not to invest in TDC’s growth and development, but rather to withdraw as much cash as possible from TDC through the combination of special dividend payments, management and financing fees, and finally the sale of a much smaller residual company.

Keywords: Private equity ownership, leveraged boyouts, information society infrastructure, telecom operators

Private Equity Funds and the TDC Case Interview with Poul Nyrup Rasmussen


Poul Nyrup Rasmussen

Former Prime Minister of Denmark from 1993 until 2001

Abstract: [+]    |    Download File [ 198KB ]

Abstract: During the course of the last year a debate on private equity funds has erupted in Denmark, mainly due to the takeover of the Danish telecommunications incumbent TDC by five large private equity funds. One of the most outspoken participants in the debate is Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, former Prime Minister of Denmark and current member of the European Parliament and President of the Party of European Socialists (PES).

Keywords: PES

Competition and Regulation in the Nordic Mobile Markets


Anders Henten

CICT (Center for Information and Communication Technologies) at Technical University of Denmark

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Abstract: The report by the Nordic NRAs, ‘Competition and Regulation in the Nordic Mobile Markets’ (2006) provides good and solid information on the national Nordic markets for traditional mobile services, voice telephony and SMS. However, two obvious issues are left untouched. The first relates to whether there is, or rather should be, a Nordic market, or whether we are dealing with five separate national markets. The second concerns new data services in the mobile field.

Keywords: NRAs

FINLAND COUNTING ON DVB - H


Heikki Hämmäinen

Networking Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland

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Abstract: Finland was one of the first markets to launch new mobile services such as GSM voice calls, SMS, GPRS, MMS and visual radio. At the same time, however, Finland has lagged behind in areas such as prepaid subscriptions, handset bundling and WCDMA. After several years of tough price competition on basic services, a new spirit of innovation among mobile stakeholders has recently emerged. An example of this is the positive atmosphere around mobile TV, which is about to transform Finland into a leading market for DVB-H experimentation. What is the national strategy for this?

Keywords: DVB-H

BEYOND 3G RESEARC H: Can the nordic and baltic countries (re)emerge among the world leaders?


Ramjee Prasad1 & Knud Erik Skouby2

CTIF (Center for TeleInfrastruktur) at Aalborg University, Denmark, CICT (Center for Information and Communication Technologies) at Technical University of Denmark

Abstract: [+]    |    Download File [ 308KB ]

Abstract: The development of Beyond 3G systems requires a multidisciplinary and user-driven approach. On the basis of its established research traditions and institutions, the Nordic and Baltic area could be a driver in advanced mobile and wireless systems. This role is likely to be very different from the one played by the region in the first generation and 2G systems based on standardised technology systems. In the Beyond 3G setting we will see solutions based less on specific technologies and more on interoperability and new business models.

Keywords: Developing these competencies requires

River Publishers: Nordic and Baltic Journal of Information and Communications Technologies